Monday, June 29, 2020

Israel is NOT illegally "OCCUPYING" some else's land : annexation

Israel is NOT illegally "OCCUPYING" some else's land . It is time to annex the areas of Jewish communities. Predictably the Democrats in Congress are against Israel on this and the Republican support Israel. Predictably also weak-need Aipac won't defend Israel on this
1) Palestinians are trying to steal Jewish land
a. Jews are the Indigenous people
b. Palestinians are unrelated to any ancient inhabitants. Made up phony people. Never existed before 1950. They are simply Arabs being used as phony people to steal Jewish land.
c. The land of Israel was awarded to the Jews BY a. bible, b. the 1917 Balfour, c. 1920 League of Nations, d. 1922 Remo Conf, e. UN vote 1947, f. victory 1948 war started by Arabs g. victory 1967,
d. They want it all. PLO 1964. 1964 Jordan controlled West bank and Egypt Gaza. What did the PLO want to liberate exactly then? All of Israel from Jewish rightful ownership.
e. Arab league The Khartoum Resolution of 1 September 1967 was issued at the conclusion of the 1967 Arab League ... what became known as the "Three No's": "no peace with Israel, no recognition of Israel, no negotiations with it.
f. US State Dept says now the area of West Bank not illegally occupied by Israel
1) 8x sovereignty was offered to Palestinians. They rejected it everytime.
a. In 1937, the Peel Commission proposed the partition of Palestine and the creation of an Arab state.
b. In 1939, the British White Paper proposed the creation of a unitary Arab state.
c. In 1947, the UN would have created an even larger Arab state as part of its partition plan.
d. The 1979 Egypt-Israel peace negotiations offered the Palestinians autonomy, which would almost certainly have led to full independence.
e. The Oslo agreements of the 1990s laid out a path for Palestinian independence, but the process was derailed by terrorism.
f. In 2000, Prime Minister Ehud Barak offered to create a Palestinian state in all of Gaza and 97 percent of the West Bank.
g. In 2008, Prime Minister Ehud Olmert offered to withdraw from almost the entire West Bank and partition Jerusalem on a demographic basis.
h. In addition 1948 to 1967, Israel did not control the West Bank. The Palestinians could have demanded an independent state from the Jordanians. On the contrary whilst Jordan was in control Arafat said there was no longer a claim as it was no longer part of Palestine. Once it was back in Israeli hands it miraculously became disputed land again! This is one of many reasons Jews and Israelis are cynical.
The Palestinians have spurned each of these opportunities. A variety of reasons have been given for why the Palestinians have in Abba Eban’s words, “never missed an opportunity to miss an opportunity”.

Wednesday, May 27, 2020

Did Rambam believe every letter of Torah as we have was given at Sinai?

Is it possible that a scribe somewhere in the history of time accidentally copied a dalet as a reish and the error remained, copied faithfully through the millennia until it appears in the Torah scrolls that we read from today?
This is clearly a heretical suggestion. After all, Maimonides, in the eighth of his 13 Principles states:
I believe with perfect faith that the entire Torah that is now in our possession is the same that was given to Moses our teacher, peace be upon him.
This seems explicit. The entire Torah, including every letter, every kotzo shel yud, that we have today is identical to that which Moses received.
But actually, this formulation of the 13 Principles was not written by Maimonides, but by an anonymous author, who translated, summarized and simplified what Maimonides wrote and included it in the Ashkenazi prayer book. But this is not what Maimonides actually wrote. In fact, it is not even what the Sefardim have in their prayer book. For example, the eighth principle according to the Ish Matzliach Siddur is:
That the entire Torah is given from Heaven
Here there is no mention of our Torah being identical with the Torah of Moses.
Similarly, the Yigdal prayer, which is another formulation of Maimonides’s principles reads:
God gave the true Torah to His people through His prophet, who was the faithful of His house.
Maimonides actually wrote his principles in Arabic, in his Commentary on the Mishna (Introduction to Chapter Hekel). There he writes:
The Eighth Principle: That the entire Torah in our possession today was given [to us] by the Almighty through Moses, our teacher, by means of the medium we metaphorically call “speech.” No one knows the real nature of this communication except Moses, to whom it was transmitted. He was like a scribe receiving dictation. He wrote the history, the stories, and the commandments. Therefore, he is called [the] inscriber…
Someone who says that some of these verses and stories were written by Moses from his own mind, such a person is considered by the Sages and prophets to be a denier [of Torah] and more brazen than all the other deniers. Because such a person thinks that the Torah has an [important] core surrounded by [less important] coverings. [He thinks] that the history and stories have no purpose and they are from Moses.
Maimonides’s point is not referring to the Torah scrolls that we have today, but to the original Torah scroll that Moses wrote. The fundamental principle of belief is that Moses did not add or subtract anything to that which God dictated to him.
Similarly, in Mishne Torah, Maimonides’s legal compendium, written in Hebrew, he writes:
There are three categories of people who are called ‘deniers of Torah’: Someone who says that Torah is not from God – even a single verse, or a single word – if he said that Moshe added it by himself he is considered a denier of Torah.
And there is a very good reason that Maimonides does not claim that the Torah we have today is identical to the one that Moses wrote. Because (despite what many people think or claim) it is clear that this is not the case.
For example, in Masechet Sofrim (6:4) Rabbi Shimon ben Lakish states that there were three Torah scrolls kept in the Temple and each of them was slightly different than the other two. The rabbis followed the principle of majority and wrote their Torah scrolls according to the word contained in two of the Temple Torahs.
This means that even in the time of the Temple scribal errors had crept into the Torah. Following the majority is the best way of resolving doubt, but does not mean that the resulting Torah scroll – which was different than all three of the Temple Torahs – was identical to the original.
The Talmud (Kiddushin 30a) gives a count of the number of letters and verses in the Torah. An anonymous editor added a marginal note showing that this is different than the number of letters and verses that we have in our scrolls today. Rav Yosef, a third century Babylonian scholar, admitted that the earlier generations were experts in the correct spelling of words, but by his time their scrolls were no longer accurate.
Several times it is clear from Rashi’s commentary on the Torah that he had slightly different words than we have in our scrolls today (e.g. Exodus 25:22).
Tosefot in their commentary on Shabbat 55b and Nida 33a point out that the Talmud had a slightly different version of the Bible than they did.
Our Talmud disagrees with our Torah scrolls.
But they did not suggest altering the text of their modern Torah to align with the Talmud.
Rabbi Akiva Eiger in his gloss to Shabbat 55b lists dozens of places in rabbinic literature where the text differs from our modern Torah scrolls.
Rambam himself admitted that most of the Torah scrolls and books about how to write them were wrong (Hilkhot Sefer Torah 8:4):
Because I saw great confusion in all the Torah scrolls that I have seen… and the experts in tradition who write and compile lists of the open and closed portions disagree on these matters… I saw fit to list all the portions of the Torah, the closed and the opens… to fix all the scrolls and correct them.
Maimonides explained that he relied on the tradition of Aharon ben Moses ben Asher, a 10th century scribe who lived in Tiberias. He was the scion of a family of scribes known as Ben Asher which was considered the most reliable and authentic. They wrote the masorah (a commentary on the Bible noting linguistic peculiarities), so they became known as the Masorites.
There was another family of Masorites called Ben Naphtali who had their own version of what they considered the authentic text. Some, including Rav Sa’adia Gaon, considered the Ben Naphtali version more authentic.
The actual text Maimonides used to write his Torah (as he states in Hilkhot Sefer Torah 8:5), is almost certainly the book known today as the Aleppo Codex (the story of that Bible, including how it went from Cairo to Aleppo and eventually Jerusalem is interesting and controversial, but not for now).
The Torah scroll I relied on in these matters is the well-known scroll in Egypt… which was in Jerusalem for many years previously… which everyone relied on because ben Asher corrected it and edited it for years…
The Aleppo Codex text, also known as Keter Aram Tzova, was printed in the past few decades. Ironically, the text that Maimonides considered to be the most authoritative was banned by many ultra-Orthodox Jews because it different substantially from the Torah scrolls and printed versions of the Chumash that most communities use nowadays. I remember in 1995, seeing posters in Mea Shearim banning that Bible, and I thought that was beautifully ironic.
The very same text that Maimonides said was the only one that is kosher, was declared not kosher by modern-day rabbis.
Yet, their argument would be that of Tosefot. Our scrolls differ from those of the earlier rabbis. But that does not mean we change our Torah scrolls. We stick with the ones we have.
If the text of the Torah has changed so much over the centuries, how come we often hear that one of the “proofs” of the authenticity of Judaism is that all the scrolls, throughout the world, are identical?
Firstly, that is not entirely true. Yemenite Torah scrolls have 24 differences from the scrolls used by Ashkenazi and Sefardi communities.
But it is true that the vast majority of Jews in the world use a scroll with only one difference (the word “daka” in Deuteronomy 23:2 is written in some scrolls with an aleph and in others with a heh).
And this is due primarily to Rabbi Meir ben Todros HaLevi Abulafia, who lived in Spain from about 1170 – 1244. He collected as many Torah scrolls as he could, and based on the rule of majority, compiled what he felt was the most accurate version. He published his findings in Masoret Siyag La-Torah, and scribes came from as far as Germany and North Africa to copy his text of the Torah.
Of course, nowadays, we have computers that can check there are no words or letters missing in the Torah. But we cannot guarantee that the version programmed into the computer is the most accurate. It is almost certainly not identical with the one Moses received.
But it is the one we use, so it our tradition. And therefore, whether it is the same as Moses’s Torah or as Maimonides’s Torah makes not one iota of difference.
————————
* Nahmanides explains that Eliasaph’s father was known by two names. He was called De’uel because he knew God, but also known as Re’uel because God put ideas into his head. Hizkuni also notes the difference of name. But I didn’t find any earlier source which addresses this point.
David Sedley lives in Jerusalem with his wife and children. He has been at various times a teacher, translator, author, community rabbi, journalist and video producer. Born and bred in New Zealand, he is usually a Grinch, except when the All Blacks win. And he also plays a loud razzberry-colored electric guitar.
  

Friday, September 2, 2016

Rabbi Jonathan Ginsburg Chicago North Shore and NW Suburbs Inexpensive High Holiday Reform Services

Chicago North Shore and NW Suburbs Rabbi  Jonathan Ginsburg
Inexpensive High Holiday Reform Services
Dear Worshipper,

Congregation B’nai Chai invites you to celebrate the coming of the New Year 5777/2016.
The cost of tickets has remained the same as it was for the past several year, only $85 per person for those over 13 years of age. Members of the family, 12 years and younger, will be admitted at no charge but must have a ticket.

As in past, services will be held at Caruso Middle School, 1801 Montgomery Rd, Deerfield (Northeast of 294 and Deerfield Road. We use the 1996 edition of the New Union Prayer Book Gates of Repentance. Buy it at Rosenblums in Skokie on Gross Point Road or from their online store http://www.alljudaica. com/Gates-of-Repentance-p/53. htm and copies can be borrowed at the door.

L’Shana Tovah



You can cut and paste this form and mail it in.

Congregation B’nai Chai North Shore

2016 High Holiday Ticket Order Form

Name  _____________________________ _________________________
Street Address  _____________________________ _________________
City__________________________ __________  Zip Code ___________
Email Address ______________________________ _________________

Everyone attending services must have a ticket.

Number of tickets at $85.00  ___________________________
Number of free tickets for children under 13 years of age  _______
Please enclose this form with your check, payable to: Congregation B’nai Chai
Mail in the enclosed envelope to: Congregation B’nai Chai
                                       c/o Jerry Block
                                       2759 The Mews
                                       Northbrook, IL  60062
Yizkor List
List names of family members whom you wish to be recognized during the Yom Kippur Service.  There is no charge, but a donation would be welcome.
Deceased’s Name                                           Relationship
______________________________ _____                   ______ ____________      
______________________________ _____                   ______ ____________      
______________________________ _____                   ______ ____________      
______________________________ _____                   ______ ____________      
Donation: $________________________
Spread the word to friends and family. Great services, very affordable tickets
They can get information about the services at http://bnaichai.blogspot. com/p/high-holidays.html

Monday, March 2, 2015

Obama stopped Israel

Report today from World Jewish Digest of Obama's treachery vs israel
Now the truth comes out.
A report out of Kuwait claims that President Obama thwarted an Israeli strike on Iran's nuclear facilities in 2014 after he threatened to shoot down Israeli jets.
The Israeli leadership had reportedly decided to strike Iran after they learned that the United States and Tehran had been negotiating in secret about that country's nuclear program. After four days of intense deliberation, Israel decided to attack.
But a "unnamed Israeli minister who has good ties with the US administration" told the White House of Israel's plans. Obama then made the threat, forcing Israel to back down.

According to the report, “Netanyahu and his commanders agreed after four nights of deliberations to task the Israeli army's chief of staff, Benny Gantz, to prepare a qualitative operation against Iran's nuclear program. In addition, Netanyahu and his ministers decided to do whatever they could do to thwart a possible agreement between Iran and the White House because such an agreement is, allegedly, a threat to Israel's security.”
The sources added that Gantz and his commanders prepared the requested plan and that Israeli fighter jets trained for several weeks in order to make sure the plans would work successfully. Israeli fighter jets reportedly even carried out experimental flights in Iran's airspace after they managed to break through radars.
The report appeared in the Kuwaiti newspaper Al Jarida and was picked up by Bethlehem-based Ma'an news agency and published in English by Arutz Sheva.